Bacteria adhering to the tooth surface accumulate in areas where proper oral hygiene cannot be provided. The hard, rough structure formed as a result of this buildup interacting with various ions in the mouth is called calculus (tartar). Due to the rough surface it creates, tartar creates a suitable environment for more bacteria to adhere to the surface. For this reason, it can cause tooth and gum disease or increase its severity.
It is important to take care of your daily oral hygiene routine, which includes brushing and flossing and following the application methods recommended by your dentist, in order to avoid the formation of tartar. In addition, rinsing your mouth with water after consuming food and drinks during the day helps to minimize factors that can favor the accumulation of bacteria.
Once tartar is formed, it cannot be removed from the teeth with routine oral hygiene practices applied at home. However, in the clinical environment, it can be easily cleaned with an ultrasonic device or hand tools in a comfortable way. It is a short-term treatment that usually does not require anesthesia. In cases that are not treated for a long time, depending on the destruction in the surrounding tissues and the accessibility of the area where bacterial accumulation occurs, it may be necessary to remove the gingiva under local anesthesia and clean the surface of the tooth root. After scaling, minimal tooth sensitivity may occur. However, this sensitivity disappears within a few days.