Implants are titanium screws that imitate the root of the tooth by placing it in the jawbone and allow restoration to replace missing teeth in the mouth. Thanks to the implant, it allows the relevant area to be treated with fixed prosthesis without the need to interfere with neighboring teeth. In addition to fixed dentures, it can also support removable dentures, thus minimizing the known disadvantages of removable dentures. After the development of the jaw bones is completed, it can be applied at any age. However, it is important to plan the implant treatment as early as possible in order to avoid the effects of restricting the implant application, such as bone resorption or tooth fall in the area with missing teeth.
It is very important to carry out detailed clinical and radiological examinations in the first session, in order to evaluate the conditions necessary for treatment. In cases where suitable conditions can be provided, various aesthetic evaluations are made. As a result of these evaluations, prostheses are designed in the most appropriate way to the needs and expectations of the patient. After the outline of the design is determined, the implant properties that can create the ideal conditions for the application of the prosthesis are determined by using three-dimensional radiographic images. Determination of these features; It is made by evaluating the position, length and diameter of the implant by making millimetric measurements on radiographic images. The duration of the treatment to be applied may vary depending on the general condition of the patient and the need for treatment. In cases where suitable conditions can be provided, the transition to the prosthesis stage can be made on the same day as the implant application. In cases where the necessary conditions are not met for the application of the implant or to create its aesthetic features, the treatment process may be prolonged as additional surgical procedures will be required.
In the treatment session, the placement of the implant is carried out comfortably under local anesthesia. In this treatment, which requires a short-term procedure, first of all, a slot is opened on the jawbone in accordance with the size and location of the implant. The implant is placed in the area where the socket was opened, and then the related area is closed by suturing. One week after the procedure, the treatment is controlled and the stitches placed in the area are also removed during this session. Following the placement of the implant, the application of permanent prostheses on the implant is done after the integration of the implants with the bone is completed. If the process is not waited for permanent dentures to be made, the durability of the implants decreases and the chance of long-lasting treatment decreases. Therefore, the waiting period is of great importance. However, aesthetic problems can be eliminated with a temporary prosthesis during this process. After the integration process, which is completed in approximately three months in the upper jaw and in an average of two months in the lower jaw, the treatment is terminated with the placement of permanent prostheses. In cases where additional surgical procedures are required with the implant application, this process may take up to six months.
It is easy to return to daily routines immediately after the treatment. Minimal pain and edema may occur due to the surgical procedure. However, this situation can be eliminated in a short time by paying attention to oral care, applying cold compresses to the area and using the medicines prescribed by the dentist regularly. It is possible to extend the life of the treatment by going to the dentist every six months in the first two years following the treatment, and then once a year. If conditions that may be harmful to the implant have occurred in the oral environment, early diagnosis can be made in these controls and the cause of this problem can be eliminated and severe damage can be prevented.
Implant applications allow prosthesis to be made in areas with cavities without the need for an additional procedure in neighboring teeth. In addition, even in cases where there are no adjacent teeth to support the prosthesis in the mouth, it allows comfortable and aesthetic treatments to be performed by making fixed prosthesis to the patient. If oral care is provided in an ideal way, it protects the bone tissue in the area where it is applied and minimizes bone resorption that may occur over time. It can provide support to removable prostheses with poor adhesion in the mouth and thus significantly increase comfort. Since it can imitate the natural structure of the teeth well, it can create a very natural and aesthetic appearance if the surrounding tissues are sufficient.